Swollen knee pain occurs when there is an increase of the fluid on the knee joint. This condition can strike anyone regardless of age.
Excess fluid on the knee is usually caused by an untreated injury, a hard collision on the knee, or certain diseases. Such inflammation can also cause swollen knee pain.
Although persistent swollen knee or swelling that accompanied by severe pain or disease needs medical attention, mild knee pain can be treated at home.
Who has the risk of having swollen knee pain?
The risk of having a swollen knee pain is higher in elderly people.
Sports activities involving to rotate or moving the knee, for example, when playing basketball, also have the possibility of a knee injury.
Not only that, the people who have excess weight or obesity are also at risk of experiencing this kind of condition.
What causes my swelling knee?
Many things can cause knee injury or swelling. So, you have to know specific conditions that can be the cause to avoid knee swelling.
1. Sprain or strain
Generally, sprains or strains are the most common causes of swollen knee pain.
This condition occurs when the ligaments of the knee sprain when there is a sudden movement, over circular motion, or massive impact.
Sprain or strain on the knee is noticeable with the appearance of pain, swelling, and difficulty walking.
2. Infectious Arthritis
Arthritis is also a condition when there is an infection caused by microorganisms such as bacteria, viruses, or fungi.
Moreover, this microorganisms will infect the tissues and fluid around the joints.
Any other disease typically precedes the infection in other parts of the body. Additionally, this condition is often affecting the knee, shoulder, ankle, waist, and wrists.
3. Knee Osteoarthritis
In simple term, osteoarthritis is a degenerative process of bone. Knee osteoarthritis is a condition when the cartilage in the knee joint gradually worn out and mainly caused due to aging.
Also, injuries that repeatedly occur in the knees or overweight can cause excess pressure on your joints and resulting in osteoarthritis.
4. Rheumatoid arthritis
Unlike infectious arthritis, rheumatoid arthritis will damage the knee due to inflammation of the joints. Often causing damage to the cartilage in the knee.
Is swollen knee can be relieved at home?
Yes, you can cure swelling knee pain by yourself.
The first things you can do is rest, ice, compression, and elevation. And we are sure this is self-knowledge.
1. Rest your knee
Protect parts of your swollen injury. Stop offending activities that may cause pain or swollen knee getting worse.
You can use a small pack of ice to the swollen knee section. A cold towel is an alternative.
To minimize the risk of swelling, ice is advisable to apply an ice pack for about 10-20 minutes at least three times a day.
If you just suffered from a knee injury, you are advised to avoid the hot bath during the first 48 hours. Similarly, do not compress a swollen knee with a hot water pack.
Compression means wrapping a swollen knee pain with an elastic bandage. An elastic medical bandage is an excellent choice to reduce swelling.
However, do not bandage the injured knee too tight. Because it can make the swelling gets worse.
See if the knee suddenly feels numbing, tingling, pain, and swelling appeared underneath the bandaged area. It means the bandage is too tight.
Loosen it a little to keep the blood still flowing smoothly down to your legs.
While lying down, try to put your swollen knee at a higher position by placing the pads or pillow as a buffer below the knee.
Elevating your knee will reduce pain or internal bleeding on the knee.
Alternative methods you can use to relieve a swollen knee pain
- Non-steroidal anti-inflammation medicine
- Essential oil aromatherapy
You might be ever heard about apple cider vinegar for relieving knee pain as an anti-inflammatory food.
However, according to the Arthritis Foundation, apple cider vinegar is considered to be one of the 10 Arthritis food myths.
But it’s good for lowering your blood sugar and widely used for weight loss plan diet plan.
In the end
Seek a doctor to know the appropriate diagnosis of the swollen knee if the first aid is doesn’t work for you.
Anyone can experience knee injury with swelling, but this condition doesn’t mean you can’t prevent yourself.
One thing you can do is to prevent swollen knee pain is to strengthen the muscles supporting joints of the knees.
Besides, proper warm-up or stretches is advisable. For those of you who have excess weight or obesity, start to cut down on rich and fatty foods.
There is no restriction to vary your physical activity with exercise that does not put a strain on the knee joint such as swimming.
Also, routinely to get used to exercising to lose bodyweight.